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The Coach covers the basics of workout Program Design using principles taken from his book, The Abel Approach: Effort, Training Strategy, Workload Capacity, Recovery Capacity and Internal Hormonal and Biochemical Environment.
True expertise is in short supply today. Popularity doesn’t equate to expertise
- The Training Model is a tool used by professionals to illustrate where the building blocks for individual performance lie.
- There’s an art and science to Program Design. A collection of exercises does not make a workout; and a collection of workouts doesn’t make an effective program.
- Assessing the trainee and then designing a program for their needs is both art and science. If you aren’t assessing, you’re guessing.
- Program Design writing begins with the theme or purpose, then moves on to the structure, then the context, then whether or not (or how) to use planned performance training* or periodization. Then, from that point, he can determine the strategy and tactics, and finally, the elements of the program that will be variable or constant.
- Effort can be misapplied. An analogy for misapplied effort would be driving north when traveling from Canada to Florida, similar to using cardio as a warm-up for a weight-lifting workout.
- Training Strategy needs to be related to goals. “Strategy” and “Tactics” are not the same thing.
- Workload Capacity relates to how much work a trainee can benefit from, with no assessment of a client’s individual needs.
- Law of Least Eligibility: the less fit person receives the most adoptive stimulus; the most fit person receives the least adoptive stimulus.
- The SAID principle (Specific Adaptation to Imposed Demands) says that a trainee adapts to their training. So, doing fitness “bootcamp” classes conditions trainees to do bootcamp classes.
- Recovery Capacity is important, especially for the unconditioned trainee or the older trainee. Scott’s Hardgainer Solution (HGS) strongly considers recovery capacity and builds it into the program.
- Internal Hormonal and Biochemical Environment determines how a trainee will respond to training. Conditions a client might have, such as diabetes or age, factor into Program Design.
- The Hardgainer Solution uses the principles of Program Design to target a specific type of trainee: the person who trains hard but who is slow to see gains.
- A lack of knowledge of exercise physiology or the Training Model makes someone susceptible to falling for vogue exercise trends.